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substr(data,start[,length])


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 Function   [other Function type actions]

 Item   [operators of similar scope]

 Data manipulation   [other Data manipulation operators]

 Baseline

 


substr("data",start,[length])

Where "data" is a string literal, string attribute or expression evaluating to a string.

Where start is the zero-based position to start the substring. Negative start values are not supported, though String.substring() does so and may be used instead.

Where length is the length of the returned string. If not specified, the entire string from (or back from) start is returned.

Extracts a substring of data. For example:

substr("test",0,1) 

returns "t", while

substr("test",1,2) 

returns "es". All arguments are evaluated; if the designated characters don't exist, an empty string is return.

Note that in expressions like

$Initial=substr($Name,0,1) 

the value of $Name is not changed.